Saturday, October 4, 2008

Northeastern Mandarin

Northeastern Mandarin or Northeast China Dialect is a variety of , known as ''Dongbeihua'' , literally "Northeast Speech/Language," or ''Dongbeiguanhua'' in Mandarin. Northeastern Mandarin is very similar to the Beijing dialect, upon which Standard Mandarin Chinese is based.

Geographical spread

The dialect is spoken by people in the Northeastern part of Mainland China; areas like Liaoning , Jilin, and Heilongjiang provinces. With over 100 million people living in the Northeastern part of China, the Northeastern Mandarin-speaking population is quite large. Like other Mandarin dialects, differences between Northeastern Mandarin and other forms arise from the wide geographical distribution and cultural diversity of northern China.


Northeastern Mandarin can be subdivided into regional sub-dialects named for major cities where there might be slight differences.

*Changchun dialect
*Harbin dialect
*Qiqihar dialect
*Shenyang dialect

Linguistic information

Usually, speakers of Northeastern Mandarin describe the variant that they are speaking as distinct from Standard Mandarin. However, linguists classify Northeastern Mandarin as a form of Mandarin Chinese in a broader sense. While the difference between Northeastern Mandarin and Beijing dialect are not so significant phonologically, Northeastern Mandarin contains many colloquialisms not found in Standard Mandarin.

Cultural and regional identity

Although not considered a language in academic circles, Mandarin variants like Northeastern Mandarin often contribute to a strong regional identity. Chinese speakers can usually recognize a Northeasterner by his or her accent .

Origins of the dialect

Northeastern Mandarin evolved from Han immigrants mainly from Shandong and Hebei provinces who settled Manchuria in the late 19th and early 20th centuries but it also retains elements from native Tungusic languages, and and there are enough differences to give the dialect its own distinctive characteristics.

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